NECO 2022: Health Science Test Of Practical Answers.

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INSTRUCTION: ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS


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SECTION A

(1a)
Diagram of a human tooth

(1b)
A – Enamel
B – Dentin
C – Gum
D – Cementum
E – Pulp

(1ci)
(i) Brushing the teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush
(ii) Avoiding sweets and sweetened drinks

(1cii)
(i) Periodontitis
(ii) Gum disease (gingivitis)

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(2a)
(i) Skeletal system
(ii) Nervous system
(iii) Digestive system
(iv) Cardiovascular system

(2b)
(i) Biliary system
(ii) Nervous system
(iii) Skeletal system
(iv) cardiovascular system

(2c)
I – Osteoporosis
III – Parkinson’s disease

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(3ai)
[TABULATE]

=VITAMINS=
A

=SOURCES=
Fish, liver, eggs

=DEFICIENCY DISORDER/DISEASE=
Xerophthalmia

(3aii)
=VITAMINS=
B complex

=SOURCES=
Vegetables

=DEFICIENCY DISORDER/DISEASE=
Beriberi

(3aiii)
=VITAMINS=
C

=SOURCES=
Citrus fruits

=DEFICIENCY DISORDER/DISEASE=
Scurvy

(3aiv)
=VITAMINS=
D

=SOURCES=
Fish liver oils

=DEFICIENCY DISORDER/DISEASE=
Osteomalacia

(3av)
=VITAMINS=
E

=SOURCES=
Nuts, seeds, avocado

=DEFICIENCY DISORDER/DISEASE=
Inability to reproduce/infertility

(3b)
(i) Eat a healthy diet
(ii) Reduce intake of harmful fats
(iii) Avoid harmful use of alcohol
(iv) Consume less salt and sugar

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(4a)
Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

(4b)
(i) For patients of near-drowning
(ii) For patients of opiate overdoses
(iii) For patients who suffer a cardiac arrest

(4c)
(i) Use of automatic transport ventilators
(ii) Use of interposed abdominal compression

(4d)
[TABULATE]

=BURNS=
(i) It is caused by dry heat
(ii) The depth is deep

=SCALDS=
(i) It is caused by moist heat
(ii) The depth is superficial

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SECTION B

(5a)
(i) Endomorphic
(ii) Mesomorphic

(5b)
(i) It enables the mother to regain her health after delivery
(ii) It gives more time for her family and own personal advancement.

(5c)
(i) It boosts the baby’s immune system
(ii) It lowers the rates of respiratory illness.

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(6a)
Phobia is an anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation.

(6b)
(i) Acrophobia
(ii) Claustrophobia
(iii) Entomophobia

(6c)
(i) Typhoid fever – Salmonella typhi
(ii) River blindness – Onchocerca volvulus
(iii) Leprosy – Mycobacterium leprae

(6d)
A vector is a living organism that transmits an infectious agent from an infected animal to a human or another animal.

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(7a)
(i) Environmental Factors
(ii) Zoning And Regulation
(iii) Proper Infrastructure

(7b)
(i) Biological control methods
(ii) Cultural control methods
(iii) Physical control methods

(7c)
(i) The ability to feel, express and manage a range of positive and negative emotions.
(ii) The ability to form and maintain good relationships with others

(7d)
(i) Psychotic disorder
(ii) Anxiety disorder

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(8ai)
Population census is the process of gathering, compiling, examining or distributing demographic, social and economic information related to a particular time of all the individuals in a place or a well-defined region

(8aii)
1 – It enables a country to know the rate at which the population grows
2 – It provides statistical data for economic planning

(8b)
(i) Infertility test
(ii) ​Blood group compatibility test
(iii) ​Genetically transmitted conditions test
(iv) ​STD test

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